Turkey Agreement 2023 In Urdu Pdf

According to Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkey`s military concentrations on the borders with Iraq and Syria and their engagement on the Red Sea through an agreement on the Sudanese island of Sawken and the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian city of Afrin. And how do the current great powers think about Turkish demands? We will see well before 2023 and who will lead this change With the expiration of the centenary treaty in 2023, Turkey itself will enter a new era by drilling oil and digging a new canal connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, a prelude to the tax on passing ships. This seismic evolution, combined with Turkey`s recent military adventurer, indicates that the geographical contours of the region will certainly undergo a gigantic metamorphosis after the end of the Treaty of Lausanne. And until 2023, the period of the treaty ends, which has passed for a hundred years, and here we understand Erdogan`s comments, because Turkey will enter a new era and will begin with oil exploration and drilling a new canal connecting the two seas, Black and Marmara, to levy royalties on passing ships. Subsequently, the “Lausanne II Conference”, whose work lasted three months, led to the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, an international peace agreement, on 24 July 1923, at the Hotel Beau Rivage Plus in Lausanne, in the south of Switzerland, the victorious powers after the First World War (notably Great Britain, France and Italy) and the Ottoman Empire, which chaired its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was formally divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the repatriation of the island to China in 1997 in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on the first of July 1997, Hong Kong was created in a ceremony attended by a number of Chinese and British personalities. officially handed over to China. The head of Hong Kong`s new government, Tung Chee Hwa, has defined a policy based on the concept of “One Country, Two Systems” that maintains Hong Kong`s role as a major capitalist center in Asia. In 1839, Britain invaded China to break resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and one of the main objectives of the British War was the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the southeast coast of China. . . .